Building Bad: How Architectural Utility is Constrained by Politics and Damaged by Expression
Jonathan Ochshorn

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book cover

The book cover is based on the original hardcover design by Lund Humphries, lightly edited by the author to fit the new aspect ratio of the paperback and to provide more contrast for the title.

1.1 Photo by the author; circle "A" insert photoshopped by the author based on schematic renderings published in Daniel Aloi, "Rand to House Luminous, Voluminous Fine Arts Library," Cornell Chronicle, January 25, 2018, here.

3.1 (Top) Old St. Paul's Burning by Wenceslaus Hollar (1607–1677) accessed at here. (Below) Destroyed Buildings in the Aftermath of the 1871 Great Chicago Fire, unknown photographer, here.

4.1 Underlying image drawn by author based on "Limits of Protruding Objects," in the United States Access Board's Guide to the ADA Standards (Chapter 3, Protruding Objects), here. Blind woman with cane is a public domain vector illustration, here.

4.2 Photos by Matthew Carbone, here,, from "Milstein Hall at Cornell University / OMA," November 1, 2011, ArchDaily, here. Photographer's permission gratefully acknowledged.

4.3 & 4.4 Photos by the author.

5.1 NASA, "Carbon Dioxide," April 2020, here.

6.1 Drawn by author based in part on data provided in C. Marino, A. Nucara, and M. Pietrafesa, "Does Window-to-Wall Ratio Have a Significant Effect on the Energy Consumption of Buildings? A Parametric Analysis in Italian Climate Conditions," Journal of Building Engineering 13 (2017), here.

7.1 Plan of Jeremy Bentham's panopticon prison, drawn by Willey Reveley in 1791, here.

7.2 Partially redrawn by the author based on Diagram 2.1, "Guidelines for Elements and Innovation," GSA Site Security Design Guide, here.

9.1 Photo of Town Hall of Logroño by Miguel Angel Nieto, edited into grayscale with perspective correction by the author, here.

9.2 Drawing by the author based on models of unbuilt projects by (right) Venturi and Rauch, D'Agostino House, here; and (left) Eisenman Architects, House I, here.

10.1 Photo and annotations by the author.

10.2 Photo and drawing by the author (photo edited to remove background building; drawing based on similar, though unattributed, renderings) .

10.3 Photo by the author.

10.4, 10.5 & 10.6 Drawings by the author.

10.7 Photos and photoshopping by the author.

10.8 Photo of Palazzo Farnese by Peter1936F, here, edited into grayscale with bottom image photoshopped by the author to remove decorative elements.

11.1 Photo of Wexner Center by RightCowLeftCoast, here; photo of Stata Center by Tony Webster from Portland, Oregon, here; both images edited into grayscale by the author.

12.1 Drawings by the author.

12.2 Photo of Temple of Zeus by Michael Nicht, here, edited into grayscale with perspective correction by the author; Tribune Tower rendering by Adolph Loos, here.

12.3 Photo by Hedrich-Blessing, first published in Mies van der Rohe, an exhibition catalog/book written by Philip Johnson and published by the Museum of Modern Art in 1947; image scanned from Reyner Banham, The New Brutalism: Ethic or Aesthetic, London: The Associated Press, 1966, 29 and reproduced twice, with the right image photoshopped by the author to show the building's construction. Original photo, HB-099069-A, in Hedrich-Blessing Collection of the Chicago History Museum.

12.4 Photo (left) of Prudential Building, 28 Church Street, Buffalo, Erie County, NY, Reproduction Number: HABS NY,15-BUF,6--1, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, here. Photo (right) of Prudential Building under construction from William Harvey Birkmire, The Planning and Construction of High Office-Buildings, 4th edition, New York: J. Wiley, 1906, 107.

12.5 Photo (left) of Hancock Center, Chicago by Joe Ravi, here. Photo (right) of Citicorp Center, NYC, by the author. Drawings (center) by the author.

12.6 Photo by Gunnar Klack, here, edited into grayscale by the author.

12.7 Graph and diagrams by the author.

12.8 Photo by the author.

12.9 Photo by Paperclips0701, here.

12.10 & 12.11 Photos by the author.

14.1 Drawings by the author.

15.1 Photo by Petr Kratochvil, here, edited into grayscale by the author.

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